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M5U3

來源:英語組     閱讀量:991     時間: 2017-09-26 17:09:36

Module 5??? Unit 3 Science and nature

第一課時??? Words and Expressions(P42—P51)

【學習目標】:1.熟練掌握詞匯clone-be/get burnt out?? 2.了解部分詞匯的用法并熟練運用。

【學習重點】:部分詞匯的識記和用法的掌握。

【學習難點】:intend動詞的相關用法

一.詞形變化:

intention_______________(v.)???? anxiety______________(adj.) ?original_____________(n.)

legal______________(反義詞)???? profession____________(adj.)? judge_________________(n.)

二.單詞講解:

1. exact adj. 精確的,準確的?? exactly adv. 精確地;確切地;完全地,全然;恰恰

? to be exact 確切地說

not really 真的沒有,真的不;不很,不十分,不完全是?? not nearly? 根本不,遠不

not exactly 不完全是;不是很;并不,根本不? ??????????not likely 不可能

2. intention n. 目的,意圖?? intentional adj. 故意的,策劃的 internationally adv. 故意地

? by intention= on purpose= by design 故意地

??with the intention of doing sth / for the purpose of doing sth.?????? 懷有做某事的意圖

? v. intend? intend to do sth 打算做某事??? intend sb./sth to do sth. 打算讓某人/事做某事???

??? (sth) be intended / meant / designed for???? 為… 而準備的,打算給… 用的

The concert, ___________ to raise money, attracted many film stars.

had intended 本打算

3. anxiety?? adj._______________

?? with/ in anxiety 焦急地,焦慮地???? 消除某人的焦慮感 ______________ one’s anxiety

?? be anxious for / to do _________________???? be anxious about _________________

3. adopt? vt. 收養;采取,采納

adopt a new method of teaching _________________________

??an adopted child _________________________

? adapt vt.適應,適合;改編,改寫???????? adapt oneself to (doing) sth. 使某人適合

??_______________(adapt) from a popular novel, this TV play appeals to young people.

4. push ahead with 努力推進??????????????? push for 努力爭取,反復要求

?? Schools should push ahead with the education for all--round development. _______________

?? push for a ban on GM foods(轉基因食品)____________________________

5. consequence?? 側重指不利的影響和后果

?? answer for the consequences 為后果負責

?? take/ suffer/ face the consequences of sth 承擔責任,自食其果

?? as a consequence of = as a result of ????as a consequence = as a result

6. for sale 待售,出售???????????? on sale 出售;減價出售

7. transform vt.??? transform ……into/ to 把……變成

?? transplant 移植???? ?translate 翻譯? ?

8. breakthrough????? 取得重大突破?????? make a great breakthrough

? break down ______________________? break up ________________________

? break out _________________________ ?????? break in ________________________

??break into ____________? break away from _____________? break off ________________

9. judgement??? v._______________

? 不要以貌取人。 ______________________________________________________________.

?? _______________ by her dress, she may be a wealthy woman.

10. be/ get burnt out 體力耗盡,累垮,筋疲力盡

?? be burnt out= be ________ ________= be ________ ________= _________ _________

第二課時 Reading?? ?The perfect copy

【學習目標】:1. 閱讀并充分理解課文內容?? 2. 掌握并學會運用部分重要短語和句型

【學習重點】:部分句型的運用

【學習難點】:虛擬語氣公式

一.重點短語:

1. point out 指出 ?????????????????????????????????? 2. in general / generally speaking 總的來說

3. for this reason????? 因為這個原因??????? 4. on a personal note???? 就我個人而言

5. be against cloning humans? ?反對克隆人類

6. on our way to producing a real-life monster? 將制造出一個現實生活中的怪物

7. be praised for their wonderful scientific advance. 因為其杰出的科學進步獲得人們的贊譽

8. concentrate on creating new tissues and organs 注重創造用于治療的新組織和器官

9. focus their efforts on cloning animals? 把精力集中在研究克隆動物上

10. use up the Earth’s natural wealth???? 耗盡地球的自然資源

11. comment on your article???? 對你的文章發表看法、評論

12. be in complete agreement with human cloning??? 完全贊同克隆人類

13. give sb. the right to do sth.??? 給某人做某事的權利

二.重點句型講解:

1. _________(clone) is producing an exact copy of a plant or an animal ________(use) its cells.

2. The first animal ______________ (clone) successfully from an adult cell was Dolly the sheep.

3. Cloning human embryos with the intention of destroying them shows no respect for human life. 有些人認為懷著摧毀人類胚胎的意圖來克隆人類胚胎是對人類生命的不尊重。

4. I don’t want to adopt someone else’s child----if I _________(have) the chance, I ___________(have) a cloned baby right now.

? 此處考點:“if從句,主句”句式中的虛擬語氣

①表示與過去事實相反If sb had done …,sb would have done…???

②表示與現在事實相反If sb did …bewere,sb would do…???

③表示與將來事實相反If sb did …,sb would do… , sb would do…?

? ???????????????????If were to do …,sb would do…, …

? ???????????????????If sb should do …,sb would do…, …

? If he _________(be) here, everything __________ (be) all right.

? If you _____________(take) my advice earlier, you _________________ (not fail) in the exam.

5. Human life would just become a crop ___________________(harvest) or a product for sale.

? In art criticism, you must assume the artist has a secret message ________(hid) within the work.

There are still many problems ______ (solve) before we are ready for a long stay on the Moon.

6. We should be having fewer babies in order to reduce the earth’s population, not __________(clone) more.

7. After all, scientists ___________________(challenge) moral ideas for centuries.

8. I believe that we need strict laws to make ________ a crime __________(do) human cloning.

第三課時 Words and Expressions (P56—P59)

【學習目標】1. 熟練掌握詞匯relation --- permission???? 2. 了解部分詞匯的用法并熟練運用

【學習重點】:部分詞匯的識記和用法的掌握。

【學習難點】:consideration consider 的相關用法

一.詞形變化:

conduct ___________(n.)????? consider ____________(n.) ????? taste_________(adj.)

hungry _____________(n.)?? rely ____________(adj.) ???? ????? agriculture ____________(adj.)

permission ___________(v.)? nutrition ___________(反義詞) ??summary__________(vt.)????

favor _____________(adj.)?? modify ______________(n.)? ???? relation ____________(v.)

accurate ___________(n.) ??profit __________(adj.) frighten _________(adj.)___________(adj.)

二.單詞講解:

1. relation??? v. ____________? 公共關系________________

? relate A to B 把…與…聯系起來→ be related to 與…有關系

? relate 敘述,講述 relate sth. to sb.? He related the facts of the case to journalists. __________

2. follow in one’s footsteps? 效仿某人

She works in theatre, _____________ (follow) in her father’s footsteps.

as follows: 如下???????? follow one’s advice 聽從某人的意見

3. conduct 實施;指揮樂隊

??? conduct an experiment 開展實驗???? conduct/carry out a survey 進行調查

4. majority? ??反義詞 minority???? in a/the majority/minority 大多數/少數

The majority of people _______ (be) for the proposal to build a public toilet in this area.

major 較大的;主要的;n. 專業,主修科目 v. 主修 major in sth.

5. take sth. into consideration /___________ 認真考慮

_____________ everything into consideration, the work is well done.

Everything _______________ into consideration, the work is well done.

_______________ (consider) everything, the work is well done.

v. consider? 考試做某事 _______________________________________

貝爾被人們認為發明了第一部電話。_______________________________________

adj. considerate? 體貼的,考慮周到的????? It is very considerate of sb to do sth.

considerable 數量相當大(多)的???? a considerable amount of money? 相當多的錢

6. hunger n. 饑餓 die of hunger?? 渴望,渴求? a hunger for

???????? adj.? be hungry for 渴求? go hungry 挨餓

7. tasty??? v. taste ?____________(taste) delicious, this kind of bread appeals to many children.

8. brief 簡單的;短時間的 in brief 簡言之?????? a brief summary 簡明的總結

9. confirm 證實;確認;使確信?? confirm sth. /that 確認……

It is confirmed that the meeting will take place next week.(已經確定……)

10. favor?? 贊成,支持;恩惠,幫助;偏愛,偏袒

in favor of sb = in sb’s favor 支持, 贊成;對某人有利

do sb a favor / do a favor for sb.幫某人一個忙?

do sb the favor to do sth/doing sth. 幫某人做某事?

ask a favor of sb 請某人幫個忙 owe sb a favor?? 欠某人一個人情

show favor to sb? 偏袒某人?????

11. point of view 在某人看來 __________ one’s point of view= _________ one’s opinion / view

=as far as I’m concerned ________________

to the point __________??????????????? off the point __________

be on the point of doing sth when? 正要做某事,就是那時…

There is no point in doing sth?? 做某事沒有意義

12. frighten vt. 使驚嚇;使恐嚇

frighten sb to death 把某人嚇得要死?? ???frighten sb away / off 把某人嚇跑

13. profit?? n. 利潤 bring a profit to 給……帶來好處

earn/gain/get/obtain/make a profit = make profits 盈利,獲利

v. 獲益,得到好處?? profit from = benefit from? 從。。。中獲益

14. chain???? a chain of events?? 一連串的事情? ? a chain store? 一家連鎖店

? ??????????in chains在囚禁中;上著鐐銬?????????? food chain食物鏈

15. permission ?ask sb’s permission for sth. 征得某人關于sth.的許可

with / without one’s permission 在某人同意之下/不經某人同意

v.? permit?? _________(現在分詞)___________(過去分詞)

???? permit sb. to do sth. / permit doing sth.?? 允許某人做某事/允許做某事

???? Weather _______, we will go for a picnic. = If weather ______, we will go for a picnic.

第四課時 Word power ----Task----Project

【學習目標】:了解部分詞匯的用法并熟練運用

【學習重點】:重點句子的中英翻譯

【學習難點】:否定詞位于句首使用部分倒裝,否定詞+比較級=最高級

一.重點短語

1.the other day?? 幾天前?????????????????? 2. After this comes the heart. 緊隨其后是心臟。(倒裝句)

3. in summary 總而言之?????????????????? 4. live brief and painful lives? 過著簡短和痛苦的生活

5. be strongly against cloning humans.強烈反對克隆人類

6. be hardly aware of the harmful effects of cloning humans? 幾乎意識不到克隆人類的危害

7. have a reliable supply of high-quality food for years to come 未來擁有值得信賴的高品質的食物的供給

.重點句型

1. In my opinion, tight laws should be put in place to make cloning human beings illegal.

?在我看來,嚴格的法律必須被安排就位來界定克隆人類是非法的。

?put sth. in place????? 把……安排就緒,處于正確的位置

? ?You should put everything in place before the meeting.

??out of place 在錯誤的位置,位置不適合??? ?in place 在適當的位置

?? Mary looked quite tidy(整潔的) with not even a hair out of place.

?take the place of sb.= take one’s place 取代某人

?? in place of sb = in one’s place 代替某人

2. At the top of the school is the headmaster, known as the brain.

兩個小男孩躺在樹下。________________________________________________________

一個嚇人的聲音從山谷傳來。____________________________________________________

????????????????????????????????? Part II? (Project)

一.重點短語

1. harm nature through agriculture and tourism???? 通過農業和旅游業損害自然

2. further damage the Earth by ?????? 通過…進一步破壞地球

4. use up natural resources at a fast pace????????? 飛速消耗自然資源

7. be cautious with this new technology 對這項新技術持謹慎的態度

二.重點句型

1. Not everything that is best for nature is good for people. ____________________________

= ________________________________________________________________.

部分否定。即:allevery(everybodyeverything)bothalwaysquitewhollyentirelyaltogethercompletely等與not 連用時。

完全否定詞:nononeneitherno onenevernot (never)..at all 等。

I can't catch everything in the book. 漢語:____________________________

Although these were good students______(none/nobody) had a score above 60.

2. From the point of view of some people, we are only doing _____ humans have always done, ____________(use) nature to _______________________(滿足我們自己的需求)

3. The development and developing countries of the world need to work together to make sure that people enjoy healthy and happy lives, without the environment around them _______(suffer).

4. , many developed nations are now concerned about saving nature rather than ________ (develop) or __________ (destroy) it.

5. It shouldn’t be a question of humans winning and nature losing.

? 這不應該是人類獲勝自然失敗的問題。此處考點:介詞 + sb’s doing sth / sb’s being done

Is there any possibility of the film ____________(show) again in this area?

6. Research has been limited to _________ (increase) production profits, rather than _______(make) sure that GM foods are safe.

7. Nowhere is this truer than with genetically modified food.轉基因食品就是最好的例子。

①否定詞位于句首,主句使用部分倒裝,常見的否定詞有:hardly, never, seldom, nowhere, rarely, little, not until 等。

Nowhere else ________________________ such a word.其他哪兒你都找不到這個單詞。

Not until he left home ________________ how important the family was for him.

nowhere…truer… 否定詞與比較級連用,表示最高級的含義

?? Jack是我們班最用功的。 ______________________________________________________

8. There is also a question as to whether GM plants are safe for the environment.___________()

9. No one knows __________ effects the GM material might have _________(介詞) the food chain.? 沒有人知道轉基因物質會給食物鏈帶來什么影響。

?? It is uncertain __________ side effect the medicine will bring out, although about two thousand patients have taken it.

?? It is not always easy for the public to see _______ use a new invention can be of to human life.

Much importance should be _____________giving publicity to the common sense about AIDs.

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